China Medical University (CMU) was the first medical school established by the Chinese Communist Party. Its precursor was the Chinese Workers'-Peasants' Red Army Military Medical School and Chinese Workers'-Peasants' Red Army Health School founded in Ruijin city, Jiangxi province in 1931. After the Long March with the red army, it moved to Shan-bei. In 1940, proposed by comrade Mao Ze-dong and approved by the central committee of Chinese Communist Party, the name of the school was changed to China Medical University. In July, 1946 the university was ordered to enter north-east China with the army and reached Xin-shan city(now He-gang city),Hei-long-jiang province. In November,1948 the whole north-east China was liberated and the university was ordered to move to Shenyang. It merged the former national Shenyang Medical College founded in 1911 and the former private Liaoning Medical College founded in 1892 (both in Shenyang city).
CMU now has 27 colleges, faculties and sections, 52 disciplines(specialties) were authorized to grant doctor degrees and 64 were authorized to grant master degrees; 13 specialties for undergraduates and 10 specialties for higher professional techniques; one affiliated health school; a center for Japanese language training and a center for rural doctors training (both directly under the Ministry of Health); 2 national key laboratories and 3 (health) ministerial laboratories;1 national clinical study base for drug development and 1 national laboratory for research of traditional Chinese medicines; 4 post-doctoral mobile stations; 27 provincial key disciplines and so on. There are 6469 beds in CMU's 3 affiliated comprehensive hospitals and one specialty hospital.
The total staff of CMU now is 11225, and 80% are professionals of different specialties. Among them are: one academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 562 professors, 827associate professors, 362 tutors for doctoral and 924 tutors for masters students. 2 are members of evaluation group of academic degree committee of the state council, 15 are chairman or vice-chairman of national academic societies.
CMU occupies a total land area of 549,000 square meters with 629,000 sq.m of building area. The library with its more than 1100,000 volumes of collection is the northeast regional center of National Medical Literature Resources Sharing Network of the Ministry of Health, northeast knot of China Medical Information Network, a national health science and technology referee unit for checking novelty. The laboratory animal center of CMU is also the provincial centers of laboratory animals and their quality control, breeds 23 species and strains of experimental animals for teaching and research.
So far CMU has established good exchange and co-operation relations with 45 universities, institutes and institutions in Japan, USA, UK, France, Russia, Korea and Canada etc. 195 internationally famous scientists have been conferred honorary titles of CMU, 4373 teachers have been sent abroad for research or advanced training. 51 international co-operative projects have been conducted recently.